There are roughly 3,000 homes in rural Alaska that lack piped water and sewer systems, leading to higher rates of infection and illness. In Kivalina, for example, households use “honey buckets” 5-gallon buckets lined with plastic bags that need to be emptied by hand every day. Bags of waste often sit outside during the winter and get buried in the snow. Bags often leak or are ripped apart by animals, spreading waste into surface water and streets where children play.